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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 102-108

Determinants of psychological distress among school-going girls in a rural district of Haryana, India: A multivariate analysis

1 Department of Community Medicine, Dr. RML Hospital and PGIMER, New Delhi, India
2 Department of Community Medicine, SHKM Government Medical College, Nalhar, Haryana, India
3 Department of Community Medicine, Government Medical College, Shahdol, Madhya Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Vikas Gupta
Department of Community Medicine, Government Medical College, Shahdol, Madhya Pradesh
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jcrsm.jcrsm_56_20

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Background: Mental health of children is not adequately explored in India, especially in Haryana. If untreated, these conditions severely influence children's development and their potential to live fulfilling and productive lives. In this study, we aimed to screen school -going adolescent girls for common mental disorders and find potential psycho social and socio demographic determinants. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was done January to March 2019 and included 649 school-going adolescent girls (12–19 years). This study used a pretested, predesigned, standardized questionnaire and General Health Questionnaire-12 (GHQ-12). Multiple logistic regression had been done to find the strength of association between dependent variable and independent variables. All tests were performed at a 5% level of significance. Results: The overall mean age (±standard deviation) of study participants was 15.5 ± 1.09 years with nearly equal distribution in each standard. Two hundred and eighty-three participants (43.6%) had a score of 3 or more for GHQ-12, which is suggestive of mental health problems. The GHQ-12 score was higher in young age adolescents (53.3%), those studying in the ninth standard (65.4%), the adolescents belonging to nuclear family, higher socioeconomic status, and having previous exposure to mental health programs. Conclusion: Mental health problems are highly prevalent among the adolescent population in India. In the scope of preventive health services, health workers shall provide information to the adolescents and their parents about these specific psychiatric changes and provide psychological help for children and adolescents by the guiding the teachers working at the schools. In addition this will help to establish a positive and supportive relationship between the teachers and students.

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