• Users Online: 613
  • Home
  • Print this page
  • Email this page
Home About us Editorial board Ahead of print Current issue Search Archives Submit article Instructions Subscribe Contacts Login 
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 123-128

Correlation of red cell distribution width with the severity of acute pancreatitis

1 Department of Medicine, S. P. Medical College, Bikaner, Rajasthan, India
2 Department of Emergency Medicine, S. P. Medical College, Bikaner, Rajasthan, India

Correspondence Address:
Harish Kumar
B-3 Shastri Nagar, Bikaner - 334 001, Rajasthan
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jcrsm.jcrsm_42_19

Rights and Permissions

Aim: The present study was conducted with aim to determine the correlation of red blood cell distribution width (RDW) with mortality in patients of acute pancreatitis (AP). Materials and Methods: This was a prospective, observational study conducted among the 100 patients, admitted in the Department of Medicine, PBM Hospital, Bikaner, with a definite diagnosis of AP, confirmed both clinically and radiologically. Patients were enrolled justifying predefined inclusion and exclusion criteria. All routine investigations such as complete blood chemistry including RDW, renal function test, liver function test, and random blood sugar, more specific ones such as serum amylase and lipase, and contrast-enhanced computed tomography of abdomen were performed both at the time of admission and discharge. Receiver operating characteristic and logistic regression analyses were employed for evaluation. Results: Of 100 patients, 69% were male whereas 31% were female. The predominant etiology of AP in our study was cholelithiasis (64%). Mean RDW on the day of presentation and discharge was 14.10 ± 3.12 and 13.56 ± 1.34, respectively. Among the total 38 patients of mild AP, 47.36% (18) had RDW <12.6, 44.7% (17) had RDW ranging from 12.6 to 13.3, whereas only 7.89% (3) had RDW >13.3. From the 62 patients of severe AP, 91.9% had RDW >13.3 and 8.1% had RDW ranging from 12.6% to 13.3%. The total mortality rate of our study was 4%. Conclusion: It was seen that most of the patients who had severe AP have high RDW. Of the four patients that expired, three had RDW >13.3. Thus, RDW increases with the severity of pancreatitis, which was statistically significant and correlated with mortality among acute AP patients. Hence, RDW can be considered as a convenient, time, and cost-effective method.

Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)

 Article Access Statistics
    PDF Downloaded143    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal