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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 97-101

Burden of ocular trauma and its effect on vision: A community-based cross-sectional study in the coastal population of South India


1 Department of Ophthalmology, Raipur Institute of Medical Sciences, Raipur, Chhattisgarh, India
2 Department of Ophthalmology, All India Institute of Medical Science, Raipur, Chhattisgarh, India
3 Department of Ophthalmology, Pondicherry Institute of Medical Sciences, Puducherry, India

Correspondence Address:
Pratima Sahu
Department of Ophthalmology, Raipur Institute of Medical Sciences, Raipur, Chhattisgarh
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jcrsm.jcrsm_12_21

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Background: The burden of blindness worldwide is 39 million. One of the avoidable causes of blindness is ocular trauma. The ocular trauma could be prevented by preventive measures such as use of goggles and helmets. Objective: The study was conducted to estimate the burden of ocular trauma and its effect on vision in the coastal area of South India. Materials and Methods: A community-based descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted in the service area of a tertiary hospital in the coastal area of South India. Ethical approval was obtained from the institute ethics committee. House-to-house visits were done, and relevant information was collected from available and eligible participants. Data were entered in EpiData, and analysis was done in the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences V21. Results: In this study, 1272 participants were interviewed, among which 882 (69.3%) were female. Most of the participants (27.8%) were in ≤30 years of age. Forty-nine (3.9%) participants had a history of one or more times eye trauma; among them, 38.8% reported that the cause of eye trauma was due to plant branch or thorn. The majority of the participants with a history of eye trauma (91.8%) did not use any safety measures while working such as goggles or spectacles. The vision was affected in 21 (42.9%) participants due to the trauma to the eyes. Conclusion: The burden of ocular trauma in the current study is lower than that found in other few studies in India. Most of the eye injuries that occurred could have been prevented by the use of preventive measures such as goggles or spectacles.


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