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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 78-80

Perioperative management of a rare case of severe polycythemia vera with gout coming for an emergency minor surgery – A concern for the anesthesiologists

1 Department of Anaesthesiology and Critical Care, Pondicherry Institute of Medical Sciences, Puducherry, India
2 Department of Surgical Oncology, Sri Ramachandra Institute of Medical Sciences, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Amoolya Kamalnath
Department of Anesthesiology, Pondicherry Institute of Medical Sciences, Kalathumettupathai, Ganapathichettikulam, Village 20, Kalapet, Puducherry
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jcrsm.jcrsm_88_21

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Polycythaemia Vera is a chronic myeloproliferative neoplasm with an unknown etiology and is a rare occurrence. The erythrocytosis and thrombocytosis along with the hypercoagulable state as a direct result of surgery predispose these patients to thrombosis and hence haemorrhage. Here, we report the anaesthetic issues concerning an elderly male patient presenting with complaints of difficulty in passing stools, fever, and cough with mucoid sputum and diagnosed to be having low anal fistula and perianal abscess with presence of haemorrhoids along with polycythaemia and gout, who was not on any treatment, and posted for an emergency perianal abscess drainage and fistulectomy. With a hematocrit of 63.3% and normal arterial oxygen saturation, the anesthetic management included a thorough preoperative evaluation of associated comorbidities, proper positioning, conducting regional anesthesia meticulously and prevention of acute thrombotic or hemorrhagic episodes. The uneventful perioperative period resulted in the smooth recovery of the patient.

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