Journal of Current Research in Scientific Medicine

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2018  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 104--108

Effect of regular treatment, follow-up, and lifestyle practices in diabetic patients with ocular manifestations attending a tertiary care hospital in Puducherry, India


Nivedha S Raman, Amod Hansdak 
 Department of Ophthalmology, Pondicherry Institute of Medical Sciences, Puducherry, India

Correspondence Address:
Amod Hansdak
Department of Ophthalmology, Pondicherry Institute of Medical Sciences, Puducherry
India

Background: The last few decades have witnessed the growth of diabetes mellitus which is affecting all sections of the society. Complications of diabetes and its management present a still further challenge to health care providers. Methods: A hospital-based cross-sectional study was conducted at Pondicherry Institute of Medical Sciences, India, to find out the treatment and follow-up of patients with diabetes mellitus and also to estimate ocular manifestations among the study subjects. Results: Regular treatment was found among 80% while regular follow-up was seen in 55.7% of the diabetic patients. Two-thirds of the patients were on oral hypoglycemic agents only. 18.6% of the patients tested their blood glucose levels once a month. Visit to an ophthalmologist was made in the last 12 months by 32.9% of them. Ocular manifestations were present in both vegetarians 80% and non-vegetarians 76% respectively. Diabetics practicing sedentary lifestyle had more ocular manifestations 87% as compared to 62.5% in those who did not exercise. Ocular manifestation was also higher among those with elevated blood glucose levels 74.4% in comparison to 61.3% among those with normal blood glucose levels. Conclusion: This study highlights the importance of regular treatment and follow-up by patients with diabetes in relation to development of ocular manifestations. Exercise in diabetes is a key factor in delaying complications such as retinopathy.


How to cite this article:
Raman NS, Hansdak A. Effect of regular treatment, follow-up, and lifestyle practices in diabetic patients with ocular manifestations attending a tertiary care hospital in Puducherry, India.J Curr Res Sci Med 2018;4:104-108


How to cite this URL:
Raman NS, Hansdak A. Effect of regular treatment, follow-up, and lifestyle practices in diabetic patients with ocular manifestations attending a tertiary care hospital in Puducherry, India. J Curr Res Sci Med [serial online] 2018 [cited 2022 Sep 24 ];4:104-108
Available from: https://www.jcrsmed.org/article.asp?issn=2455-3069;year=2018;volume=4;issue=2;spage=104;epage=108;aulast=Raman;type=0