Year : 2022 | Volume
: 8 | Issue : 1 | Page : 20--24
Vitamin D levels among adults in a tertiary care hospital in Wayanad
Aiswarya Raj, Shreya Cherian, Shuba Srinivasan
Department of General Medicine, DM WIMS Medical College, Wayanad, Kerala, India
Background: Vitamin D insufficiency affects nearly 50% of the population worldwide. Inadequate serum Vitamin D levels are associated with multiple conditions such as secondary hyperparathyroidism and increased fracture risk. Multiple studies carried out also showed a correlation between Vitamin D deficiency and occurrence of diabetes and hypertension (HTN) in these deficient individuals. This study aimed to determine the serum levels of Vitamin D among patients frequenting a tertiary care hospital in Wayanad and the associations with sunlight exposure, gender, dietary factors, and diabetes and HTN.
Settings and Design: Cross-sectional study.
Materials and Methods: Hundred patients were randomly selected from the outpatient department over 6 months and asked to fill up a questionnaire. Vitamin D analysis was done by Elecsys Vitamin D total assay. Statistical analysis used was IBM SPSS statistics for Windows, version 20.0: Association between continuous data was determined using t-test/Mann–Whitney test depending on normality of data and association between categorical variables was determined using Pearson's Chi-square test.
Results: Fifty-seven percentage of patients had Vitamin D deficiency. Significantly lower values of Vitamin D were seen among women.
Conclusions: The median Vitamin D levels in men were 22.785 ng/ml and 17.81 ng/ml in women. No association was established between >1 h of daily sunlight exposure, the prevalence of diabetes and HTN, and daily consumption of dairy products and Vitamin D deficiency.
Dr. Shuba Srinivasan
Room 703, RB 2, DM Wayanad Institute of Medical Sciences, Naseera Nagar, Meppadi, Wayanad - 673 577, Kerala
|How to cite this article:|
Raj A, Cherian S, Srinivasan S. Vitamin D levels among adults in a tertiary care hospital in Wayanad.J Curr Res Sci Med 2022;8:20-24
|How to cite this URL:|
Raj A, Cherian S, Srinivasan S. Vitamin D levels among adults in a tertiary care hospital in Wayanad. J Curr Res Sci Med [serial online] 2022 [cited 2022 Aug 16 ];8:20-24
Available from: https://www.jcrsmed.org/article.asp?issn=2455-3069;year=2022;volume=8;issue=1;spage=20;epage=24;aulast=Raj;type=0